One in this series of irregularly scheduled in-depth reports. This report argues that the absence of explicitly institutionalized racism in the northern United States presents a special set of problems for African-Americans living there. The lack of a clearly defined enemy makes the struggle for freedom from oppression difficult to articulate, resulting in frustration and malaise. Reporter Harry Reasoner examines various responses to these problems made by African-Americans in Harlem, interviewing representatives of organizations ranging from the moderate National Urban League and NAACP to the more radical nationalist groups. Included are interviews with the following individuals: Housing Council member Jesse Gray; civil rights attorney Paul Zuber; NAACP representatives James Haughton and Florence Rice; historian Richard B. Moore; African nationalist Chief Ogunshye; CORE member Gladys Harrington; psychiatrist Lonnie MacDonald; parent activist Thelma Johnson; National Urban League director Whitney Young, Jr.; business executive Hope Stevens; and Congressman Adam Clayton Powell, Jr. Malcolm X and black nationalist leader Lewis Michaux are seen delivering speeches but are not interviewed. Marcus Garvey appears in archival footage. Commercials deleted.


  • DATE: December 11, 1963 Wednesday 7:30 PM
  • RUNNING TIME: 0:49:48
  • COLOR/B&W: B&W
  • CATALOG ID: T80:0809
  • GENRE: Public affairs/Documentaries
  • SUBJECT HEADING: African-American Collection - News/Talk; Blacks - Politics and suffrage; Congress of Racial Equality; Harlem; National Association for the Advancement of Colored People; Racism; U S - Civil rights
  • SERIES RUN: CBS - TV series, 1959-


  • Fred W. Friendly … Executive Producer
  • Steven Fleischman … Producer, Writer
  • Harry Reasoner … Reporter
  • Marcus Garvey
  • Jesse Gray
  • Gladys Harrington
  • James Haughton
  • Thelma Johnson
  • Lonnie MacDonald
  • Malcolm X (Malcolm Little; El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz)
  • Richard B. Moore
  • Chief Ogunshye
  • Adam Clayton Powell, Jr.
  • Florence Rice
  • Hope Stevens
  • Whitney Young
  • Paul Zuber
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