Intended Consequences: Rwandan Children Born of Rape

Interviews and photographs by Jonathan Torgovnik

March 2 to May 1, 2011
Gallery Exhibit in Los Angeles

A multimedia exhibit that creates an immediate and real connection to those devastated by the consequences of genocide and gender-based sexual violence. 

The exhibit at The Paley Center for Media in Los Angeles has been made possible by CBS, Foundation Rwanda, and Aperture Foundation.

International Women's Day

This exhibit chronicles the lives of the women who are still haunted by the Rwandan genocide, which took place between April and June of 1994, while Rwanda endured Africa’s worst genocide in modern times. It resulted in the brutal massacre of over 800,000 Tutsis and moderate Hutus as well as brutal rapes leading to the birth of an estimated 20,000 children. These children represent the hope and future of Rwanda. 

The exhibit’s powerful images were taken by award-winning Newsweek photographer Jonathan Torgovnik, who returned to Rwanda to embark on a personal mission to document the stories of women who survived the Rwandan genocide and later cofounded Foundation Rwanda, a nonprofit organization dedicated to providing education for these children and holistic support for the mothers.

The exhibit also features video testimonies from the women. To learn more about the genocide and the country, the Paley Center offers a list of of pertainent programming from the permanent collection that can be watched at any time in the library. (See below for the list of programs.)

A special new feature of this exhibit is that patrons can hear the Rwandan women’s testimonies and then can record their own audio reactions and messages to the women in the exhibition, which Foundation Rwanda supports, through the new social media platform Broadcastr. These verbal reactions will be shared on

Please note: The names of the women and children featured in this exhibition have been changed to protect their identities.


Programs in The Paley Center for Media Permanent Collection

The Paley Center for Media’s permanent collection of programming includes a number of acclaimed programs exploring the African country of Rwanda, particularly the genocide of 1994 and its evolution since. Below is a select list of Paley Center titles that can help you learn more about the country and its troubled past. Many of these programs include graphic depictions of the consequence of war and genocide.

Rwanda: Do Scars Ever Fade?
This Peabody Award–winning documentary takes an in-depth look at the Rwandan genocide and the vicious propaganda campaign used to incite “ordinary citizens” to become involved in the killings. As the title suggests, the program also explores how the Rwandan people have sought to strike the delicate balance between reconciliation and justice in the years since. (2004; 68 minutes)

Rwanda Reports
San Francisco’s public television station, KGO-TV, produced this harrowing Peabody-winning report on the Rwandan civil war and refugee crisis, particularly its impact on children forced to flee their country. (1994; 26 minutes)

Andrew Young Presents: Rwanda Rising
Former U.N. Ambassador Andrew Young explores Rwandan efforts at reconciliation and forgiveness in the years since the country’s horrific civil war. Former President Bill Clinton, one of Young’s guests, calls the events in Rwanda the biggest regret of his presidency. (2007; 80 minutes)

60 Minutes: A Million Men, Women and Children (Segment with Christiane Amanpour)
In this segment from the venerable news magazine show, Christiane Amanpour reports on the “unspeakable crime of genocide” in Rwanda. Recapping the recent history of the country, Amanpour also explores how the Tutsi victims and Hutu perpetrators are coping with the aftermath of the country’s mass murders. (1998; 13 minutes)

CNN News: Zaire/Rwanda Crisis Coverage
Segments from CNN’s news coverage, predominantly reported on by Christiane Amanpour, of the Zaire/Rwanda crisis from 1996 to 1997. (Various airdates; 60 minutes)

An Evening with Christiane Amanpour: Question and Answer Session
Visiting The Paley Center for Media (then called The Museum of Television & Radio), Amanpour discusses her career as one of the preeminent foreign correspondents of her time, including her coverage of the tragedy in Rwanda. (1999; 34 minutes)

ABC News Nightline: Rwanda
The late-night news show, hosted by Ted Koppel, looks at the atrocities in Rwanda, and also the impact on journalists, producers, and technical crews who were reporting on the devastating conditions in the area. (1994; 30 minutes) 

War Photographer
This Peabody Award–winning documentary tells the story of James Nachtwey, a photographer who shoots pictures of wars and the after-effects. Included is a segment on the Rwandan genocide, which Nachtwey considers among the most brutal stories he has ever photographed. (2003; 97 minutes)

Twenty Years of Frontline
This twentieth-anniversary retrospective on the PBS documentary series Frontline at the Paley Center (then called The Museum of Television & Radio) includes a segment on producer Mike Sullivan’s Rwanda-themed film The Triumph of Evil. (2003; 98 minutes)

Wide Angle: Ladies First
Documentarian Gini Reticker reports from Rwanda on how women are breaking new ground to unify the African country after the 1994 genocide. (2004; 57 minutes)

This documentary follows Pulitzer Prize–winning New York Times columnist Nicholas Kristof as he travels to the Congo to report on the region’s extreme poverty and warfare, which came to a head in 1994 when the Hutus led a campaign of genocide against the Tutsis in Rwanda before fleeing into the Congo. (2010; 92 minutes).